The earliest examples of EDM include Jamaican dub music in the '60s, the disco music of Giorgio Moroder in the late '70s, and the electronic music of Kraftwerk in the late 1970s. In the late '80s and early '90s, EDM gained mainstream popularity in Europe, thanks to the rise of rave/club culture. In the US at that time, mainstream media outlets and the record industry strongly rejected EDM. This is thanks to a link between EDM and drug culture, leading state and city governments to enact laws to half the spread of rave culture. In the 21st century, EDM increased popularity across the world. This included the United States. By the early 2010s, the term “electronic dance music” and the initialism “EDM” was used by the United States music industries to re-brand American rave culture. The initialism “EDM” is used as an “umbrella term” for multiple genres, including house, trance, techno, dubstep, and their respective subgenres.